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'''Hippolyte Adolphe Taine''' (21 April 1828 – 5 March 1893) was a French critic and historian. He was the chief theoretical influence of French Naturalism (philosophy)|naturalism, a major proponent of sociological positivism and one of the first practitioners of Historicism|historicist criticism. Literary historicism as a critical movement has been said to originate with him.Kelly, R. Gordon (1974). "Literature and the Historian", ''American Quarterly'', Vol. 26, No. 2, 143. Taine is particularly remembered for his three-pronged approach to the contextual study of a work of art, based on the aspects of what he called "race, milieu, and moment". Taine had a profound effect on French literature; the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica|1911 ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' asserted that "the tone which pervades the works of Émile Zola|Zola, Paul Bourget|Bourget and Guy de Maupassant|Maupassant can be immediately...
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